Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA)

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The Nigerian Network Operators' Group (ngNOG) Network Technology Week 2018 in Pix

The 2018 ngNOG Conference and Workshop held in Lagos from 29th October to 3rd November 2018. The ngNOG forum as conceived is for developing local technical capacity in the management of Internet-connected networks in Nigeria. While the events have extended beyond the Research and Education space to include more commercial network operators and innovators that depend on reliable networks, the goal remains reliable broadband Internet access and services for end users. In the past three years (starting 2016), the Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA) had joined the forum to create capacity in the DNS Industry. The attendance at the NiRA workshop track at ngNOG is free for participants but limited to the capacity of the class. 

In the 2018 edition of the ngNOG, a platform was provided for key players in telecommunications and infrastructure to build technical capacity and explore opportunities to deepen Nigeria’s broadband Internet penetration and improve quality of service. Speakers discussed on the current challenges with the rural areas and suggestions were made on how to overcome and improve on the internet penetration to the rural areas.

Considering that this was the first time in the past three years that the ngNOG conference and workshop held in Lagos, attendance was very high at the conference. There were speakers from the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA), Internet Exchange Point of Nigeria (IXPN), Medallion Communications, MainOne, Google, Internet Society (ISOC), Facebook, Afrinic, Netflix and many others.

There were glowing remarks from the participants of the various tracks of the workshops on the quality of the knowledge impacted on the participants.

Domain Name, Web Hosting, and Website - How They Work Together

 For those not familiar with terminologies in a particular field or industry, it can be a bit disheartening when these terminologies are used by the experts, who assume their audiences understand.

We try to carry our readers along by communicating in the simplest of terms as we want all to understand the workings of the Domain Name System (DNS) Industry. We enlighten and educate our readers by using basic terms.

It provides some level of comfort to our readers to know the different technical components and how they work.

So in this article, we will discuss the differences in the terms: domain name, hosting service and website.

 What Is a Website?

A website is a collection of related web pages on the Internet that live on a certain domain name. For example the collection of related web pages on nira.org.ng is a website.

 A website should be a living entity, with current and accurate information and data. It is based on the relationship between the web site files, the web host, and the domain name. If any one of these three does not work in the right synergy, then the website won’t display its contents.

 The bulk of a website is comprised of web pages, which are documents written in a variety of web languages, usually Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and some form of JavaScript. These act as instructions for the web browser on how the website will display its contents.

 What Is a Domain Name?

For a website to be accessible, the domain name must be accurately typed. Computers communicate using Internet Protocol (IP)  addresses. If the IP address that is associated with a domain name is typed, the display would be exactly the same as what is displayed when the associated domain name is typed.

 As it is difficult to remember a random string of numbers (IP Addresses), domain names serve as a more user-friendly version of the IP address. The domain name, which is easier to remember, provides the access to a website.

 There are two parts to a domain name: the Top Level Domain (TLD) and the actual domain name. The TLD is the part of the domain name that comes after the name of the domain. The Top Level Domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet. The TLD are classified into two categories: generic TLDs and country specific TLDs.

 For the domain name nira.org.ng, .ng is the TLD. For a Nigerian company or individual, there are more benefits associated with the choice and use a .ng domain name for your website as search engines like Google has optimized the search for Nigeria as a location.

 Web Hosting Service

A web hosting service makes websites accessible on the Internet. A web hosting service provides the infrastructure to accommodate the web pages/files of individuals or organisations. In Nigeria, we have several web hosting companies that host locally. The Federal Government of Nigeria encourages local hosting of websites. This keeps our local contents local, grows our economy and reduces capital flight of our foreign reserves.

 How They Work Together

From the above descriptions of a website, web hosting service and a domain name, these three entities are intricately tied. A domain name, a designed website along with a web host are required for a website to be accessible for any business or information.

 The domain name points to the web server where all of the files are hosted and those files are generated when a user types in the domain name to display a website.

 Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA), is the registry for .ng domain names. The NiRA Accredited Registrars are charged with the responsibility of registering .ng domains for registrants. To register your .ng domain name, click on the link below for list of NiRA Accredited Registrars. Kindly contact any of them to register a .ng domain name.

https://nira.org.ng/accredited-registrars

President Buhari at 2018 eNigeria

On Monday 5th November 2018 at the International Conference Centre, Abuja, His Excellency, President Muhammadu Buhari, the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, officially declared open the 2018 eNigeria Conference, Exhibition and Awards.

The event ran from 5th to 7th November 2018 and the theme for the 2018 edition was: “PROMOTING A DIGITAL ECONOMY IN AN ERA OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH EFFECTIVE REGULATIONS"

In his opening remarks, Dr. Isa Pantami, the Director General (DG) of the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) stated that the conference provides a platform for all the stakeholders to brainstorm on issues at the front burner of our Nation’s ICT sector in order to proffer ingenious solutions.

 NITDA provides advisory role to MDAs at the early stages of their budgetary cycle to ensure that whatever project they propose provides value for money, avoids duplication and waste.

 The Keynote Speaker at the event, Mallam Nuhu Ribadu spoke on "The Role of Disruptive Technologies in Curtailing Corruption at the ongoing”. He encouraged Security Agencies in Nigeria to explore the use of Blockchain Technology to preserve the integrity of data.

 The Chief Host, eNigeria 2018, Honourable Minister of Communications, Barr Abdur-Raheem Adebayo Shittu informed the audience that Nigeria has achieved a broadband penetration of 23% in 2018 from 10% in 2014.

As he declared the event open, President Buhari commended the efforts of NITDA on the Registration of IT Contractors and Service Providers, in collaboration with other regulatory bodies with special emphasis on competencies.

 He enjoined the Conference to come up with innovative ideas, workable and implementable recommendations that would help and enhance government’s efforts at creating the enabling environment for the promotion of the digital economy in an era of disruptive technologies, considering our peculiarities as a country.

At the event, the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria reiterated the commitment of the Government to fighting corruption noting that the failure to kill corruption would result in corruption killing the people.

 Other dignitaries at the 2018 eNigeria included Prof Umar Garba Danbatta, EVC/CEO, Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Engineer Aliyu Aziz Abubakar, DG/CEO, National Identity Management Commission (NIMC), Reverend Sunday Folayan, President, Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA), Engineer Ikechukwu Nnamani, CEO, Medallion Communications, Professor Sahalu Junaid, Department of Computer Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria amongst others.

In the NiRA booth at the exhibition area of the 2018 edition of eNigeria, were NiRA staff with three of NiRA Accredited registrars (Upperlink Limited, TFHost and Dot-Engee Nigeria Enterprises. This was a rewarding experience for all.

.NG Domain Report for October 2018

 

 

 

ICANN Annual Report for Financial Year 2018

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers and Names has published its 1st July 2017 to 30th June 2018 annual report on its website. The report details the accomplishment of ICANN for the period and contains the highlights of the Board, community, and organizational accomplishments. The report also provides an update on the organization’s progress against its objectives and much more. This report is published in accordance with ICANN Bylaw 22.3.

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