Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA)

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APRIL 2019 DOMAIN NAMES REGISTRATION

 

 

NiRA’S COURTESY VISIT TO THE CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION (CAC)

On the 28th of March 2019, representatives of the Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA) led by Mrs. Edith Udeagu, the Executive Secretary paid a courtesy visit to the Acting Registrar/CEO of the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), Lady Azinge Azuka Obiageli. The NiRA delegation was welcomed by Mrs. Gertrude Uzochikwa Akalonu, Director of Customer Service (representing the Acting-Registrar/CEO) and her team.

The essence of the visit was to intimate the Corporate Affairs Commission of who NIRA is, and seek for collaboration with Corporate Affairs Commission to grow .ng in the cyberspace and for every business registered with CAC to have a .ng domain name with its website hosted locally. The Executive Secretary noted the importance of CAC’s mandate and role in the registration of Business names and Companies, which NiRA could leverage on for prospective business owners to register their .ng domain whilst registering their business names and Companies with CAC.

In her response, Mrs Akalonu appreciated the visit and made a suggestion on how the cost of domain name registration could be absorbed and the regulation process. She highlighted the need for policy development to encourage the ease of doing business and proposed that NiRA should endeavour to collaborate with the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) and be visibly present at the Annual NBA conference.

Mrs Akalonu informed the meeting that CAC had embarked on a promotion to reduce the cost of registering of Business names to N5,000.00 (Five Thousand Naira Only) This was aimed at encouraging the growth of Small and Medium Scale Businesses and promoting the ease of doing business. She noted that the promotion on the reduction had been on for about six months and the Commission had seen a tremendous increase in the registration of businesses.

She further suggested possible ways NiRA could collaborate with the Commission which could be in the area of NiRA giving out free domains for a year at the point of registration by business name owners. The renewals of the domain names could be then be done by the business name owners subsequently.  NIRA was also encouraged to create more awareness and sensitization of the .ng domain name.

She reiterated that Corporate Affairs Commission is ICT driven, and is committed to contributing to the growth of the ICT Industry. She noted that CAC would also explore ways to collaborate with NITDA to organise an enterprise meeting and the meeting was informed of the Enterprise Architecture project supervised under the Office of the Vice President of Nigeria.

The meeting ended on a positive note as Mrs Akalonu assured us that she would inform the Acting-General/CEO of our visit and request. The CAC team thanked NiRA delegate for the visit and promised to revert on all that had been proposed and discussed, followed by exchange of promotional materials (flyers).

NIRA HOSTS THE 2019 DEVELOPERS CONFERENCE AND HACKATHON

The Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA) hosted the maiden edition of the Developers Conference and Hackathon in April 2019. The program was a three-part event comprising of the 2019 Deep Dive Session, the 2019 NiRA Hackathon and the 2019 Developers Conference.

The 2019 Developers Conference and Hackathon commenced with the Deep Dive Session; a technical session that introduced participants to the platform they would use during the 2019 NiRA Hackathon and to the theme of the Hackathon. The event was held at the IBM Innovation Center on Monday 9th April, 2019. It was facilitated by IBM. Participants were then shortlisted from the Deep Dive session, and invited to the Hackathon.

The 2019 NiRA Hackathon held on Friday 12th April, 2019 at the IBM Innovation Center. It was an Open Innovation Hackathon where seven groups comprising three developers each, developed websites/apps and competed for the chance to win the 2019 NiRA Hackathon challenge. “The Black Lords” emerged as the winner of the Hackathon and each team member; Adekola Akano, Daniel Babatunde and Olugbolabo Aluko were rewarded with a Laptop and a Laptop bag. The first runner-up group “Transformer” and the second runner-up group “Laughing Camel” were rewarded with cash prizes which were donated by GigaLayer Limited.

The program climaxed with the 2019 Developers Conference which was held on Tuesday 16th April, 2019 at the NGHub by Facebook Center. The 2019 Developers Conference was a technology event aimed at bringing together Developers, Programmers, Software Engineers, Designers and Academics from the IT community in Nigeria to explore new ideas, discuss new technologies, and discover best practices. Speakers at the conference included Chukwuemeka Fred Agbata (Jnr) represented by Wande Adalemo, Founder Institute; Taiwo Akinseye, Ringier Africa Digital Publishing (RADP); Femi Oso, IBM Nigeria; Kendra Nnachi, Facebook; Hanson Johnson, Startup Innovation Hub; Ahmad Mukoshy, Gigalayer; Aderemi Adejumo, COMERCIO Limited.

NiRA was very pleased with the active participation of the public and the huge turnout at the events. This was the long sought after opportunity to engage with the developers community. The developers community seek to find solutions and yield a lot of influence and are key in the determination of the domain names in use for websites. So it was a privilege to gather these set of people together, to find solutions, to network, discuss new technologies and share tips.

We thank all our participants at the Deep Dive, Hackathon and the 2019 Developers Conference. We are grateful to NiRA Accredited Registrars; Upper Link and WhoGoHost as well Stakeholders in the industry; Nigeria Internet Group (NIG) and Service Delivery Partners; Layer 3 who all exhibited at the event.  We also sincerely thank all who participated to make these events successful, providing the venues, facilitating at the events, etc.

2019 .ng RESELLERS ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROGRAMME (REP)

On Wednesday, 10th of April 2019, NiRA through its Special Purpose Vehicle, NIRA Academy, organized the 1st .ng Resellers Entrepreneurship Programme (REP) for 2019 at NIRA Office Complex, 8 Funsho Williams Avenue, Surulere Lagos. This programme has been on since 2016. The Resellers Programme is aimed at developing and training entrepreneurs & aspiring entrepreneurs in the Domain Name Industry. The training also provides insights into the vast opportunities that exist within the Industry. Participants are encouraged to network with professionals within the Industry and as such, we also had representatives from two NiRA Accredited Registrars (Trefoil Networks Limited and Upperlink Limited) facilitating at the event.

For the first session on “Introduction to .ng Reseller Entrepreneurship Programme”, the Executive Secretary (ES) of the Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA), Mrs. Edith Udeagu, encouraged participants to participate actively in the training; highlighting that the program gives the resellers the opportunity to comfortably run the .ng business from their homes and through their mobile devices. She pointed out that the objective of the training was to enlighten people on how to make extra income or use the domain business as a main source of income.

She further stated that all successful entrepreneurs provide value or solve a societal problem. She advised participants to stop missing opportunities and embrace the opportunities associated with becoming a .ng Reseller. Mention was made on the traits of successful entrepreneurs to include: passion, commitment, research, personal belief, innovation and hard work. She advised that to be successful in the business, Resellers must be persistent and never take “NO” for an answer.

The participants were informed that NiRA adopted the 3-R model (Registry/Registrar/Registrant model) of operation in the operation and management of the .ng ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain). The implication of this is that NiRA does not handle the registration of domain names directly. Registrations can only be done through the platform of NIRA accredited registrars. These Registrars are accredited by NiRA to facilitate the registration, transfer, renewal, and modification of registration data for customers that apply for .ng domain names. The Registrant on the other hand is the person or entity who registers a domain name. The Resellers are not included in NiRA’s model, but they are recognized and acknowledged as closer to the public, who have direct access to potential registrants.

The participants were enlightened on the Domain Name System (DNS) and Management, opportunities in .ng domain name, Domain name registration and NiRA Policies.

Two NIRA Accredited Registrars (Trefoil Networks Limited and Upperlink Limited) made presentations in relation to their Reseller platforms and Hosting services. The representative from Trefoil Networks Limited said that there are benefits attached to using a .ng domain for their business. The .ng is a leverage for good ranking on search engine result pages and allows you to target specific areas of the country. He said using a ccTLD like .ng gives you a higher SEO value for country-based search results and allows you to bring out your creativity.

The representative from Upperlink Limited explained that the Reseller business is an alternative to selling domains while avoiding the demands of becoming a Registrar. She said that a domain reseller has a registered account with Upperlink that offers domain name registration services. The individual must have a WHMCS (Web Host Manager Complete Solution) platform and the technical skill to do the business. Domain resellers for Upperlink are connected to their system via API (Application Programming Interface) in order to process registration and renewals.

At the end of the programme, certificates of attendance were presented to the participants and .ng souvenirs were given to the three most resourceful participants.

WHAT IS 1.1.1.1?

1.1.1.1 is a fast and private way to browse the Internet. It is a public DNS resolver, but unlike most DNS resolvers, 1.1.1.1 is not selling user data to advertisers. The implementation of 1.1.1.1 makes it the fastest resolver out there.

What is DNS?

The Domain Name System (DNS) is the phonebook of the Internet. Humans access information online through domain names, like nytimes.com or espn.com. Web browsers interact through Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. DNS translates domain names to IP addresses so browsers can load Internet resources.

Each device connected to the Internet has a unique IP address which other machines use to find the device. DNS servers eliminate the need for humans to memorize IP addresses such as 192.168.1.1 (in IPv4), or more complex newer alphanumeric IP addresses such as 2400:cb00:2048:1::c629:d7a2 (in IPv6).

What is a DNS resolver?

When a user requests to visit a web application like facebook.com, the user’s computer needs to know what server to connect to, so that it can load the application. Computers don’t initially have the necessary information to do this ''name to address'' translation, so they ask a specialized server to do it for them.

This specialized server is called a DNS recursive resolver. The resolver’s job is to find the address for a given name, like 2400:cb00:2048:1::c629:d7a2 for cloudflare.com, and return it to the computer that asked for it.

Computers are configured to talk to specific DNS resolvers, identified by IP address. Usually the configuration is managed by the user’s ISP (like Comcast or AT&T) on home or wireless connections, and by a network administrator on office connections. Users can also manually change which DNS resolver their computers talk to.

Why use 1.1.1.1 instead of an ISP’s resolver?

The main reasons to switch to a third-party DNS resolver are security and performance. ISPs do not always use strong encryption on their DNS or support DNSSEC, which makes their DNS queries vulnerable to data breaches and exposes users to threats like man-in-the-middle attacks. In addition, ISPs often use DNS records to track their users’ activity and behavior. These resolvers don’t always have great speeds and when they get overloaded by heavy usage they become even more sluggish. If there is enough traffic on the network, an ISP’s recursor could stop answering requests altogether. In some cases attackers deliberately overload an ISP’s recursors, resulting in a denial-of-service.

These downsides and risks of ISP recursors can be mitigated with a secure recursive DNS service like 1.1.1.1. With security features like bleeding-edge encryption and the fastest resolution speeds, 1.1.1.1 provides a better overall user experience.

What makes 1.1.1.1 more secure than other public DNS services?

Some other recursive DNS services may claim that their services are secure because they support DNSSEC. While this is a good security practice, users of these services are ironically not protected from the DNS companies themselves. Many of these companies collect data from their DNS customers to use for commercial purposes. Alternatively, 1.1.1.1 does not mine any user data. Logs are kept for 24 hours for debugging purposes, then they are purged.

1.1.1.1 also offers some security features not available from many other public DNS services, such as query name minimization. Query name minimization diminishes privacy leakage by only sending minimal query names to authoritative DNS servers.

What makes 1.1.1.1 the fastest recursive DNS service?

The power of the Cloudflare network gives 1.1.1.1 a natural advantage in terms of delivering speedy DNS queries. Since it has been deployed on Cloudflare’s 1000+ servers worldwide, users anywhere in the world will get a quick response from 1.1.1.1; in addition to this, these servers have access to the over 7 million domains on the Cloudflare platform, making queries for those domains lightning-fast.

 

CULLED FROM https://www.cloudflare.com/learning/dns/what-is-1.1.1.1/