Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA)

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DNSSEC – What Is It and Why Is It Important?

To have access to the services and products and information of companies and individuals on the Internet, you require the unique domain name of that entity/individual. On the Internet, you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. When typing a name, that name must be first translated into a number by a system before the connection can be established. That system is called the Domain Name System (DNS) and it translates names like www.icann.org into the numbers – called Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.  The Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has the responsibility to ensure the uniqueness of these identifiers across the world. Without that coordination, one global Internet cannot exist. ICANN ensures that all the addresses are unique.

The DNS translates domain names that humans can remember into the numbers used by computers to look up its destination (a little like a phone book is used to look-up a phone number). It does this in stages. The first place it 'looks' is the top level of the directory service - or "root zone". So to use www.nira.org.ng as an example, your computer 'asks' the root zone directory (or top level)  “.”  where to find information on ".ng". After it gets a response, it then asks the ".ng" directory service identified by the root where to find information on “.org.ng”  (the second level). At the third level, it looks for nira.org.ng and finally asking the nira.org.ng directory service identified by ".ng" what the address for www.nira.org.ng is (the third level). This process is very fast and looks as if it is almost instantaneous – the full address is provided to your computer.

 As a result of recent discovered vulnerabilities in the DNS combined with other technological advances, it became necessary to “digitally sign” the root zone which have greatly reduced the time it takes an attacker to hijack any of the steps in the DNS lookup process and thereby take over control of a lookup session to, for example, direct users to some deceptive Websites for stealing account and password information. The effective long-term solution to this vulnerability is the end-to-end-deployment of a security protocol called DNS Security Extensions – or DNSSEC.

DNSSEC is a technology that was developed to, among other things, protect against hijacks and other attacks by digitally 'signing' data so you can be assured it is valid. However, in order to eliminate the vulnerability from the Internet, it must be deployed at each step in the lookup from root zone to the final domain name (e.g., www.nira.org.ng). Signing the root (deploying DNSSEC on the root zone) is a necessary step in the overall process. Importantly, it does not encrypt data but simply attests to the validity of the address of the site being visited.

Full deployment of DNSSEC will ensure that the end user is connecting to the actual website or other service corresponding to a particular domain name. Although this will not solve all the security problems currently existing on the Internet, it does protect a critical piece of part of the Internet - the directory lookup - complementing other technologies such as SSL (https:) that protects the "conversation", and provide a platform for yet to be developed security improvements.

 

Culled from ICANN WEBSITE

Bringing Nigerian bloggers together

There is no doubt that the Internet and particularly social media has revolutionalized the way news, views and opinions are consumed in our society today. Coming on the heel of this revolution is the advent of fake news and hate speeches. A challenge that can only be addressed by educating those who need to know the impact of these twin evils on building a useful and responsible Internet.

There is no doubt that bloggers are becoming prominent and influential in the society. Considering the number of bloggers in Nigeria and the need to create a healthy atmosphere for their creativity to blossom in the blogging sphere, NiRA has identified the need to bring bloggers together to assist them with relevant strategies and opportunities to responsibly push up their value propositions to the society and maximize their talents.

It is therefore not out of place, to also give potential bloggers and existing bloggers the opportunity to interact, develop and improve not only their blogging skills but also their business management skills. Welcome the NIRA bloggers’ summit.

 The 2018 NiRA Bloggers Summit is a one-day gathering of Nigerian bloggers. The Summit is aimed at bringing together the blogging community and stakeholders in Nigeria to learn, network, and cultivate their presence in the online community. There would be educational sessions, brand events, influencer interactions, and sessions on monetizing blogs, working with brands as a senior influencer and discussions on other topical issues such as legal impact of online payment, blogging about the society and individuals, etc.

The maiden event is scheduled to hold on the 18th of October 2018. Interested stakeholders are kindly requested to register via the link https://nira.org.ng/blogger.  Since this is a community event, the door is open for other stakeholders and sponsors who want to be a part of the programme. There will be speaking opportunities as well as the opportunity to take on booths, to exhibit products and services. If you are interested in sponsoring or exhibiting at the summit, please email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. We look forward to your participation in the event.

 

I remain at your service.

 

Rev’d Sunday Folayan

President

 

Encouraging Domain Name Registration

The year has been relatively good for NiRA and the .ng, Nigeria’s online identity on the cyberspace.

We have worked tirelessly to encourage the uptake of .ng domains, acceptability of the .ng online identity in Nigeria and continuous development of DNS industry in Nigeria.

NiRA has hosted several workshop programs (i.e. Resellers training twice this year, Web Designing training using Wordpress and Media College event for the Press, etc.) through the NiRA Academy and the .ng Awards, all to promote awareness of the .ng brand. We also plan to host the .ng Bloggers Summit and the .ng Developers Summit before the end of this year. These initiatives are geared towards the development of the DNS Industry in Nigeria. NiRA has also participated actively in workshops hosted by other parties (NIGF, NCS, CPN, etc) to sensitize the public on the benefits and importance of .ng domain names.

NiRA would be represented at GITEX and eNigeria,all in the bid to encourage the uptake of the Nigerian online identity.

In all, we are very much aware that the growth in domain name registration is a collective responsibility that more Nigerians should support. The .ng domain name is our online national identity. We seek the support of the General Public to spread the good word about .ng. The Internet is a global village and .ng has a very important role to play.

 

I remain at your service.

 

Rev’d Sunday Folayan

President

THE NEED FOR A DOMAIN NAME

For you, your organization and/or your business to have an online presence, you need a domain name. A domain name is your online unique identity. Your domain name is your location/address on the Internet. This is where you can be traced on the Internet by your clients or visitors searching for you, your organization and/or your business.

An online presence is very crucial to the success of all businesses, especially for the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Most consumers search online for local products and services, in short for local contents. For your business to thrive and succeed, a business domain name is a MUST otherwise your business won’t be found online. To have a professional outlook for your business, you must have a domain name, with which you can create your website and have an email address.

Some other benefits from having an active domain name:

a. Copyrights and trademarks protection for your name.

b. Your products and services are accessible to the global market. With your online presence, you provide vital information about your products, services, and business.

c. Increased brand awareness.

d. Build credibility for your business.

e. Search engine positioning.

f. Commence /conduct Online sales.

To register your preferred domain name and commence your online business, contact NiRA Accredited Registrars via the link https://www.nira.org.ng/accredited-registrars

NiRA Accredited Registrars also provide other services including website development and local hosting services.

 

Call for Presentations at AFRINIC-29

AFRINIC-29 will hold from 26th to 30th November 2019 at Tunis, Tunisia. The African Network Information Centre (AFRINIC) has requested that individuals who wish to make presentations at the event should submit abstracts. The meeting website is now up at https://meeting.afrinic.net/afrinic-29/. The event would be hosted in collaboration with Tunisian Internet Agency (ATI) as the local host. The theme of the meeting is “Taking the African Internet to the Next Level through Policy, Collaboration and Education”. The Tunisian Internet Agency (Agence tunisienne d'Internet) was created on 12 March 1996, is the principal Tunisian ISP. It is run by the Ministry of Communications, whose mission is also to promote Internet usage in Tunisia.

To enrich the discussions and share knowledge with the technical community at AFRINIC-29, AfriNIC is seeking presentations on wide range of issues, broadly related to growth, access, and development of Internet in Africa. Please read the event concept note at:https://meeting.afrinic.net/afrinic-29/images/AF29_EN_concept_note.pdf

Areas of Interest for presentations include “The Internet and Sustainable Development”, “Internet Governance”, “Business Practices and Technology”, “E-governance”, “Cyber Security””, “Core Internet Infrastructure”, etc. Contributions can be in the form of a presentation during a session, a tutorial or a live technical demonstration.

The key dates to note are as follows; 14th September 2018 as the deadline for submission of applications and 6th October 2018 as the date to expect the notification of acceptance of an application. Meanwhile if an application is accepted, the draft presentation must be submitted by the 20th of October 2018 and the final presentation must be submitted by the 20th of November 2018.